Join us in Bringing Awareness and Commemorate World Diabetes Day
Medical costs and lost work and wages for people with diagnosed diabetes total $327 billion yearly, and those costs are twice as high for those suffering from the disease, according to the latest statistics provided by The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
On November 14, 160 different countries, several associations, medical professionals, and individuals all over the world will join the efforts to raise global awareness of this disease.
Cost of Diabetes
- $327 billion: Total costs of diagnosed diabetes in the United States in 2017.
- $237 billion for direct medical costs.
- $90 billion in reduced productivity.
This initiative was set up by the International Diabetes Federation and the World Health Organization (WHO) to commemorate the anniversary of the birth of Frederick Banting, who, together with Charles Best, played a key role in the discovery in 1922 of insulin, the hormone that treats diabetics and saves their lives.
With the hashtag #worldiabetesday, social networks purpose is to publicize the causes, symptoms, treatment and complications associated with the disease.
According to the American Diabetes Association:
- New Cases: 1.5 million Americans are diagnosed with diabetes every year.
- Prediabetes: In 2015, 84.1 million Americans age 18 and older had prediabetes.
Diabetes is a condition in which your body either doesn’t make enough insulin or can’t use its own insulin as well as it should. This causes sugars to build up in your blood. The disease can develop silently for several years without symptoms.
Some signs to identify it are:
- Frequent skin infections
- Excessive thirst
- Unexplained weight loss
- Increased appetite
- Frequent urination
- Dry mouth
Types and names of diabetes
Type 1, type 2 and gestational diabetes are the current types.
When you are affected with Type 1 diabetes, your pancreas does not produce insulin. Type 1 diabetes is often diagnosed in children or teens. However, it can also occur in adults. This type, once called juvenile diabetes, accounts for 5-10 percent of people with diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes is commonly called “adult-onset diabetes” since it is diagnosed later in life, generally after the age of 45 and it occurs when the body does not produce enough insulin, or when the cells are unable to use insulin properly, which is called insulin resistance. This type of diabetes accounts for 90-95 percent of people with the disease. In recent years, it has been diagnosed in younger people, including children, more frequently than in the past.
Gestational diabetes develops during pregnancy and it means that you have high blood sugar levels, but those levels were normal before you were pregnant. Most of the time, this type of diabetes goes away after the baby is born. Gestational diabetes makes you more likely to develop type 2 diabetes later in life.
Over time, people with diabetes can develop: heart disease, stroke, kidney disease, eye problems, dental disease, nerve damage, and foot problems.
According to the CDC latest statistics
- Gestational Diabetes affects between 2% and 10% of pregnancies each year.
- Babies born to mothers with gestational diabetes are more likely to have obesity as children or teens, and are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes later in life too.
- It’s important to be tested for gestational diabetes so you can begin treatment to protect your health and your baby’s health.
- Gestational diabetes usually develops around the 24th week of pregnancy, so you’ll probably be tested between 24 and 28 weeks.
American Diabetes Association (ADA) Recommendations
The ADA has recommended screening guidelines and advises that the following people be screened for diabetes:
- Anyone with a body mass index higher than 25 (23 for Asian-Americans), regardless of age, who has additional risk factors, such as high blood pressure, abnormal cholesterol levels, a sedentary lifestyle, a history of polycystic ovary syndrome or heart disease, and having a close relative with diabetes.
- Anyone older than age 45 is advised to receive an initial blood sugar screening, and then, if the results are normal, to be screened every three years thereafter.
- Any woman who has had gestational diabetes is advised to be screened for diabetes every three years.
- Anyone who has been diagnosed with prediabetes is advised to be tested every year.
Diabetes Testing Types Available:
- Glycated hemoglobin (A1C) test. This blood test, which doesn’t require fasting, indicates your average blood sugar level for the past two to three months. It measures the percentage of blood sugar attached to hemoglobin, the oxygen-carrying protein in red blood cells.
- Random blood sugar test. A blood sample will be taken at a random time. Regardless of when you last ate, a random blood sugar level of 200 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL) — 11.1 millimoles per liter (mmol/L) — or higher suggests diabetes.
- Fasting blood sugar test. A blood sample will be taken after an overnight fast. A fasting blood sugar level less than 100 mg/dL (5.6 mmol/L) is normal. A fasting blood sugar level from 100 to 125 mg/dL (5.6 to 6.9 mmol/L) is considered prediabetes. If it’s 126 mg/dL (7 mmol/L) or higher on two separate tests, you have diabetes.
- Oral glucose tolerance test. For this test, you fast overnight, and the fasting blood sugar level is measured. Then you drink a sugary liquid, and blood sugar levels are tested periodically for the next two hours. A blood sugar level less than 140 mg/dL (7.8 mmol/L) is normal. A reading of more than 200 mg/dL (11.1 mmol/L) after two hours indicates diabetes. A reading between 140 and 199 mg/dL (7.8 mmol/L and 11.0 mmol/L) indicates prediabetes.
In response to the national health burden, the CDC, together with the international campaign, is working at state and local level, bringing information about the disease on how to take preventative measures to avoid further complications.
Conexia can gather the necessary information for the creation and management of special Diabetes programs resulting from the analysis of the reality and health characteristics of the insured population of each of client. By gathering the necessary information for the creation and management of special Diabetes programs health entities the with the goal of improving the quality of life of chronic patients will be able to reflect an optimization of the financial resources of the company.
In addition, Conexia works on the quality of the network of providers who understand care in these special programs in such a way as to seek the most cost-effective way to ensure coverage of the needs of the diabetic population.
At the same time, by knowing the historical consumption of the insured population, through related groups of diagnoses, our healthcare software solutions collaborate in the early detection of symptoms associated with diabetes and recommend taking actions to prevent the development of the disease.
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